The Niagara County Sheriff’s Office Forensic Laboratory is responsible for the
independent, objective, and accurate examination of physical evidence. The
laboratory serves over twenty police agencies including federal, state, and
local police departments. Our scientists are highly professional and well
trained to provide a behind the scene supporting role to the criminal justice
We are a full service laboratory with national and state accreditation. Our
mission is to provide quality and timely service to the law enforcement agencies
and citizens of Niagara and surrounding counties.
The Forensic Laboratory is a unit within the Niagara County Sheriff's Office.
The laboratory is divided into five (5) sections and an administrative section.
Services are offered to law enforcement agencies in the following disciplines:
analysis of submitted evidence to determine the presence of controlled
substances, tampered objects or food, caustic agents, and marijuana.
analysis of weapons, ammunition, and those objects that are affected by either.
Test firing of weapons and establishing operability. Restoring weapon
identification markings and numbers. Examine tool marks to establish type, size,
and unusual features of suspect tool.
recover, examine, and type blood and body fluids, hair and fibers encountered as
evidence in criminal cases. Determine the source of physiological material by
identification of its biological nature and genetic marker types by the use of
appropriate immunological, biochemical, microscopial, and electrophoretic
perform a standard series of tests to assist the coroners and medical examiners
determination of the cause of death. Quantitative analysis of biological fluids
to determine BAC and drug levels. Analysis of probation department cases for
presence of controlled substances or their metabolites.
analysis of automotive and architectural type paints and plastic polymers for
chemical composition and association with known sources. Examine and compare
fabric and plastic patterns produced on vehicles and other surfaces resulting
from blunt forces. Examination of filaments to determine operability at time of
impact resulting from vehicular accidents. Compare broken and fractured objects
to determine the origin. Analysis of volatile petroleum distillates and
flammable solvents used to accelerate burning in arsons. Characterization of
certain non-petroleum based mixtures.