Forensic Laboratory


The Niagara County Sheriff’s Office Forensic Laboratory is responsible for the independent, objective, and accurate examination of physical evidence. The laboratory serves over twenty police agencies including federal, state, and local police departments. Our scientists are highly professional and well trained to provide a behind the scene supporting role to the criminal justice system. The laboratory is divided into five (5) sections and an administrative section.

We are a full service laboratory with national and state accreditation. In 2014, the Lab met the highest world-wide accreditation standard. Our mission is to provide quality and timely service to the law enforcement agencies and citizens of Niagara and surrounding counties.


Services are offered to law enforcement agencies in the following disciplines:

Chemistry: analysis of submitted evidence to determine the presence of controlled substances, tampered objects or food, caustic agents, and marijuana.

Firearms/Tool marks: analysis of weapons, ammunition, and those objects that are affected by either. Test firing of weapons and establishing operability. Restore weapon identification markings and numbers. Examine tool marks to establish type, size, and unusual features of suspect tool.

Serology: recover, examine, and type blood and body fluids, hair and fibers encountered as evidence in criminal cases. Determine the source of physiological material by identification of its biological nature and genetic marker types by the use of appropriate immunological, biochemical, microscopial, and electrophoretic methods.


Toxicology: perform a standard series of tests to assist the coroners and medical examiners determination of the cause of death. Quantitatively analyze biological fluids to determine BAC and drug levels. Analyze probation department cases for presence of controlled substances or their metabolites.


Trace: Analysis of automotive and architectural type paints and plastic polymers for chemical composition and association with known sources. Examine and compare fabric and plastic patterns produced on vehicles and other surfaces resulting from blunt forces. Examine filaments to determine operability at time of impact resulting from vehicular accidents. Compare broken and fractured objects to determine the origin. Analyze volatile petroleum distillates and flammable solvents used to accelerate burning in arsons. Characterization of certain non-petroleum based mixtures.